Chapter 13: QUESTION SENTENCE

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Kinds:
A. Yes/No Question
B. Informative Question

EXPLANATION

A. YES/NO QUESTION (kalimat interrogative) yakni kalimat tanya yang membutuhkan jawaban berupa “yes” atau “no”.
- Terdapat pola inversi (susun balik)
- Verb yang diinversi adalah Verb Auxiliary
Khusus Simple Present, verb yang muncul yakni “Do/Does” sedangkan Simple Past verbnya “did”.
- Nominal yang diinversi Verb ordinary.

B. Information Question
Yakni kata tanya yang membutuhkan jawaban berupa informasi. Ia menggunakan question words di antaranya:
Question Word (QW)
Function
Meaning
Who
Subject person
Siapa
Whom
Object person
Siapa
What
Thing
Apa
Where
Adverb of place
Di mana
When
Adverb of time
Kapan
Why
Adverb of reason
Mengapa
How
Adverb of manner
Bagaimana
How many
Countable
Berapa banyak
How much
Uncountable
Berapa banyak
Which
Adjective
Yang mana
Whose
Possessive
Milik siapa
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Pola Kalimat:
Subject + Verb + Object + Adverb
Bila menanyakan subject, maka QW-nya berupa:
Who
What
How many
How much
Which
Whose

Contoh:
A kind boy is teaching English.
Jika menanyakan “A”: How many kind boys are teaching English?
Jika menanyakan “kind”: Which boy are teaching English?
Jika menanyakan “boy”: Who is teaching English?

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Subject + Verb + Object + Adverb
Bila menanyakan Verb, maka QW-nya berupa:
What. Caranya, hilangkan object, ganti verb dengan “do/doing/done”. Polanya: what + v-aux + S + V?)
Contoh kalimat:
Damar is driving a car. à What is Damar doing?
They will take a book. à What will be do?
She has cooked rice. à What has she done?

Present à What do you do?
Present à What does she do?
Past à What did she do yesterday?

Do I go to Pare?
I will go to Pare.
You are going to Pare. 

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Subject + Verb + Object + Adverb
Bila menanyakan Object, maka QW-nya untuk by agent berupa:
Whom
What
How many
How much
Which
Whose
Pola: QW + V-Aux + S + V + Adv + ?

Contoh kalimat:
She is looking for a handsome boy.
Jika menanyakan “a”: How many handsome boy is she looking for?
Jika menanyakan “handsome”: Which boys is she looking for?
Jika menanyakan “boy”: Whom is she looking for?

***

Subject + Verb + Object + Adverb
Bila menanyakan Adverb, maka QW-nya berupa:
Where
When
Why
How
Pola: QW + Verb-Aux + S + V + O + ?

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CARA MENANYAKAN SUBJECTIVE COMPLEMENT
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1. Noun
- Person: Who
- Non Person: What (name/job) dan How Old (age).
Example:
John is my brother. à Who is John?
He is an employee. à What is he?
He is 21 years old. à How old is he?
Our president is Jokowi. à Who is our President?

2. Adjective
- State (keadaan): how
- Character: What + Aux + S + like … ? (nominal)
- Physical description: What + Aux + S + look + like ? (verbal)
Example:
I am fine à How are you?
She is kind à What is she like?
Tim is tall à What does Tim look like?

3. Adverb
- Adverb of place: where
- Adverb of time:
Untuk genera time, menggunakan “when”
Untuk specific time/jam menggunakan “what time”.
Example:
He will be in the class tomorrow at 08.00.
Jika menanyakan “in the class”: Where will he be tomorrow?
Jika menanyakan “tomorrow”: When will he be in the class?
Jika menanyakan “at 08.00”: What time will he be in the class tomorrow?

Another example:
I have been in pare store. à Where have you been?
You are in Yogya. à Where are you?
Today is sunday. à What day is today?

This is the end of chapter 13

Note: Untuk melihat STEP BY STEP ENGLISH secara keseluruhan, Sumber Referensi dan Prolog, KLIK DI SINI

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