Chapter 17: TWO EVENT CONCEPT (KONSEP DUA KEJADIAN)

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Definisi:
Pola dua kejadian yang dihubungkan oleh conjunction (menunjukkan waktu). Contoh:
Diana sedang mandi ketika ibunya memanggilnya.
Ada dua kejadian, yakni Diana mandi (kejadian 1) dan Ibu memanggil (kejadian 2).

Tenses dalam K2K:
Event I
Event II
Example
Present
Present
Sam sleeps while he snores.
Past
Past
Sam slept while he snored.
Future
Present
Sam will sleep while he snores. (K2K in future setelah conjunction harus bertemu dengan present).
Present continuous
Simple present
Pipik is teaching when Munir calls her.
Past continuous
Simple past
Pipik was teaching when Munir called her.
Future continuous
Simple present
Pipik will be teaching them when Munir calls her.

POLA K2K (Bersamaan, Berurutan dan Berpotongan)

1. BERSAMAAN
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Menggunakan “While”:
- Bermakna “sambil” jika subyek 1 = subyek 2
- Bermakna “sementara” jika subyek 1 subyek 2

Rumus Long Term:
- Simple … K1
- Simple … K2

Rumus Short Term:
- … continuous K1
- … continuous K2

Contoh: (long term) dan (short term)
- Sam sleeps while he snores every night.
- I ate while Adi was watching TV yesterday evening.
- Cathrine is sweeping while she is singing.

2. BERURUTAN
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Menggunakan “after” dan “before”.

K1 selesai, muncul K2

Conjunction + K1
- After
- As soon as (selekas)
- once (sekali)
- Every time
- When (ever)

Conjunction + K2
- Before
- Until/till
-  When (hingga)
- by the time (ketika)

KINDS:
- Tanpa jeda (K1= Simple … K2= Simple …)
Contoh: Sebelum kamu datang, aku mandi.

- Berjeda (K1 … perfect K2 Simple …) Contoh:
Before you come, I take a bath.
Before you come, I have taken a bath.
When I opened the window last night, I saw the stars.
I will have finished my duty before I go out on a date tonight.
After Munir has taken a bath, he goes to study.

- Berdurasi (K1 … present continuous K2 simple …) Contoh:
After I have been teaching for 2 hours, I go home.

3. BERPOTONGAN
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Menggunakan “while” dan “when” (yang boleh diikuti K1 dan K2) serta “as” (hanya diikuti K1).

Pola penggunaan While, When dan As tanpa durasi:
K1 … continuous
K2 … simple
Contoh:
- Ketika aku mandi, kamu pergi kemarin. à When I was taking a bath, you went yesterday.
- Kamu pergi ketika aku mandi selama 10 menit. à You go when I have been taking a bath for 10 minutes.
- Yesterday, Roberto was sleeping when I visited him.
- Yesterday, as I was sitting on the chair for 5 minutes, the bell rang.

Pola penggunaan While, When dan As berdurasi:
K1 … Perfect continuous
K2 … simple …
Contoh:
- Pipik is taking a bath when Fitri comes.
- As Pipik was taking a bath, Fitri come.

PERINGKASAN DALAM K2K

Pola peringkasan yang digunakan:
1. Abridgement (pola peringkasan dengan menghilangkan subject dan mengubah verb). Contoh:
I eat before I drink à I eat before drinking.
2. Reducing (pola peringkasan dengan menghilangkan conjunction, subyek dan mengubah verb) Contoh:
Drinking, I eat.

EXPLANATION:
- Syarat Abridgement dan Reducing:
a. Subject main clause dan sub clause sama
b. Tidak terdapat modal di sub clause.
Pola:
Abrid à conj + S + V à Conj + V-ing
Red à conj + S + V à V-ing
c. Posisi:
abridgement di initial and final
Reducing di initial saja.
d. Hasil abridgement:
- Verbal: conj + S + V à conj + V-ing
- nominal: conj + S + V + SC à conj + being + ANA or SC
- Passive: conj + S + be + V3 à conj + being + V3
- Perfect: conj + S + have + V3 à Conj + have + ing + V3
- Perfect Continuous: conj + S + have + been + V-ing à Conj + having been + V3

HASIL REDUCING
- Verbal: conj + S + V à V-ing
- nominal: conj + S + V + SC à being + ANA or SC
- Passive: conj + S + be + V3 à being + V3
- Perfect: conj + S + have + V3 à have + ing + V3
- Perfect Continuous: conj + S + have + been + V-ing à having been + V3

Note: Untuk melihat STEP BY STEP ENGLISH secara keseluruhan, Sumber Referensi dan Prolog, KLIK DI SINI


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