CHAPTER 2: VERBAL AND NOMINAL SENTENCE

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Perbedaan kalimat dalam Bahasa Indonesia dan Bahasa Inggris bisa dilihat dari jabatan katanya.
Bahasa Indonesia
: S + P + (O + Keterangan)
Bahasa Inggris
: S + V + (O + Adverb)

Keterangan:
Predikat Kalimat Verbal dalam bahasa Indonesia berupa kata kerja. Contoh: Andini tidur.
Predikat Kalimat Nominal dalam Bahasa Indonesia berupa selain kata kerja. Bisa berupa kata sifat, kata benda dan kata keterangan. Contoh: Andini cantik
***
Verb dalam Kalimat Verbal dalam Bahasa Inggris adalah selain anggota “Be” dengan pola: S + V (non be).
Andini
sleeps
Lionel
plays
You
drink
Subject
Verb
Example:



Verb dalam Kalimat Nominal berupa anggota “Be”. Polanya S + V (be) + Subjective Complement (SC) berupa adjective (adj), noun (n) dan adverb (adv).

Example:

Andini
is
Beautiful
You
are
Student
Lionel
was
here, yesterday
S
V
SC

Anggota “Be”:
is, am, are (bentuk present/sekarang)
was, were (bentuk past/lampau)
be, been, being

Rehat:
CARA MENTRANSLATE DASAR
Sumber Gambar dari sini

a. Bila kalimatnya Verbal, maka ditranslate apa adanya.
Contoh:
Saya mengunjungi tanteku = I Visit my aunt.
Agnes menyanyikan sebuah lagu = Agnes sings a song.
b. Bila kalimat itu berupa nominal, maka sisipkan “be” di antara subyek dan predikat.
Contoh:
a. Saya kenyang = I am full
b. Agnes adalah seorang penyanyi = Agnes is a singer

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
Subject
Verb/be
I
Am, was (nominal)
V1/V + s/es
You
Are, were (nominal)
V1
We
They
He
Is, was (nominal)
Verb + s/es
She
It
Catatan:
Verb + es bila verb berakhiran ss, sh, ch, z, o, x.
Contoh:
miss – misses
wash – washes
go – goes
buz – buzes
watch – watches
box – boxes
Examples for Verbal Sentences
Examples for Nominal Sentences (Adjective)
Examples for Nominal Sentences (Noun)
Examples for Nominal Sentences (Adverb)
I make a cake with my mother.
My father offers me to join his business.
Anita receives a love letter.
Teacher gives us an useful lesson today.
I want to find a side job.
Artist always looks for popularity.
Mother treats her baby carefully
You forget to do the homework.
Grand Father throws a little stone to the lake.
I sell a new car.
You buy an old veil.
Cleaver student answers many questions.

I am diligent.
Erika is lazy.
You are a simple lady.
That man is crazy.
Your mother are rich.
My teacher is not tall.
The house is big.
Ant is small animal.
I am famous enough.
You are naughty.
My sister is patient.
Your classmates are honest.
You are teacher.
I am student.
The man is officer.
My uncle is lecturer.
Her neighbor is an engineer.
The old man is a rector.
Her dreams is housewife.
He is football players.
I am writer.
Tiara is not ugly.
Aliando is here.
The house is there.
I am beside you.
The tree is behind house.
I am standing in front of you.
He is in Jombang.
Students are in the class.
Yane is outside.
Nia is inside.
The glass is on the table.
Your phone is in my room.

This is the end of Chapter 2
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