CHAPTER 3: WORD

Sumber Gambar dari Sini

Word (Kata) adalah rangkaian huruf yang BERMAKNA dan BERKELAS KATA. Dalam bahasa Inggris, Word termasuk part of speech.
Kinds of Word (Jenis-Jenis Kata) Dibagi menjadi dua kelompok besar:
Word Based on it’s category dan Word Based on it’s function

WORD BASED ON IT'S CATEGORY

1. Noun (NC dan NU) Kata Benda
Terbagi menjadi kata benda yang bisa dihitung (countable - C) dan kata yang tidak bisa dihitung (uncountable).
Contoh: Book, Child, House, Cat, Class

2. Pronoun (Pron) Kata Ganti
Example: I, You, We, He, Someone, Myself, mine, everybody

3. Verb (Vi dan Vt) Verb Transitif dan Verb Intransitif) Kata Kerja.
Example: study, water, send, take etc.

4. Adjective (Adj) Kata Sifat
Example: many, much, ugly, smart, dirty etc.

5. Adverb (Adv) Kata Keterangan
Example: Always, often, diligently, yesterday, today, etc.

6. Conjunction (Conj.) Kata Sambung
Example: because, after, or, but, and

7. Preposition (Prep) Kata Depan
Example: for, to, in, on, at, despite etc

8. Interjection (Inter/Exclam) Kata Seru
Example: Oh, Ah, Wow, Hi, Hello, Hai

WORD BASED ON IT'S CATEGORY

1. Nominal Function (NF)
Example:
Yesterday was sunday. (Ket: “Yesterday” merupakan NF golongan adverb)

My mother is coocking in the kitchen. (Ket: “Mother” merupakan NF golongan noun dan verb)

2. Adjectival Function (AdjF)
Kata yang terdiri dari Modifier (M) dan Head (H).
M berupa Adjective dan H berupa Noun atau Pronoun.
Example:
My patient mother (ibuku yang sifatnya sabar)
Book store (toko buku)

3. Adverb Function (AF)
Posisinya sebagai penjelas dari Adj, Adv dan sentences.
Example: very patient.

4. Verbal Function (VF)
Posisi: verb itu sendiri
Example: Someone books a room (Seseorang memesan kamar)
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For more explanation, let’s identify The Part of Speech of The Underlined Word below!
1. My mother is cooking in the kitchen.
Category: N, V
Function: NF
2. You mother the children.
Category: N, V
Function: VF
3. He expresses his feeling in love.
Category: V, adj
Function: VF
4. The students of this class love one another.
Category: N, V
Function: VF
5. You read a magazine, and she reads a book.
Category: N, V
Function: NF
6. They book the metal café.
Category: N, V
Function: VF
7. You water the flower.
Category: N, V
Function: VF
8. They have much water.
Category: N, V
Function: NF
9. My uncle is a kind man.
Category: N, Adj
Function: Adj F
10. There are many kinds of programs.
Category: N, Adj
Function: NF

This is the end of Chapter 4

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