CHAPTER 4: PHRASE

Sumber Gambar dari Sini

Phrase adalah rangkaian kata yang bermakna tapi tidak berpola S + V melainkan berpola MODIFIER (M) dan HEAD (H). Pola: Pre-M à H ßPost-M
Jenis-jenis phrase di antaranya:
1. Noun Phrase, yakni Head nya berupa Noun.
Pola:
Pre-M
àH ß
Post-M
Adj
Noun/Pronoun
Adj
e.g:
Two luxurious
Car
In front of the class
M/Adj
H/Noun
M/Adj

A
big
house
M/Adj
M/Adv
H/Noun

2. Adjective Phrase
Pola:
Pre-M
àH ß
Post-M
Adv
Adj
Adv
e.g: That boarding school is big enough (cukup mewah)
3. Adverbial Phrase
Pola:
Pre-M
àH ß
Post-M
Adv
Adv
Adv
e.g: He drives a car slowly enough.
4. Verb Phrase
Pre-M
àH ß
Post-M
Adv
V
Adv
example: He always come late.
5. Gerund Phrase
Gerund adalah bentuk V-ing yang berkelas kata NOUN posisinya di Subyek atau Obyek.
Pola:
Gerund
Object of Gerund
H
M
Example:
Calling you is my activity.
I forget taking a book.
6. To Infinitive Phrase
Bentuk: to + V1
Kelas kata: noun
Pola:
To Inf
Object of to inf
H
M
Example: call you à to call you.
7. Participle Phrase
Bentuk: Ving/V3
Kelas kata: Adj, Adv, V
Pola:
Participle
Object of Participle
H
M
Example:  girl calling you is my sister.
Contoh yang participle phrase nya Adj jatuh setelah noun: A boy driving car is my boyfriend.

Apa bedanya PARTICIPLE dan GERUND?
Jawab: Subyek participle bisa melakukan sesuatu, sedangkan gerund tidak.
8. Preposition Phrase
Contoh: because of, in front of, in, at, above.
Pola:
Preposition
Object of Preposition

Berupa N, NF, Pronoun, Gerund
Example:
I walk alone because of you.
You put the book on the big table.
8. Exclamatory Phrase
Exclamatory word: how and what (makna: betapa/alangkah)
Pola: How + adj +/adv + S + V !
Example:
How handsome you are!
What a handsome boy you are!

This is the end of Chapter 4

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